OUC2011 – Day 1 (Feb 19): Surah Al Hashr

Asalamoalaykum warahmatullah,

Unlike last time, we ensured that we had the tickets with us and didn’t forget it in the hustle bustle. With my favourite Adidas bagpack ready, I too was ready to enlighten my brain with some serious ‘Ilm.

Without further delay, let me start with Surah Al Hashr by Sh. Ahsan Hanif:

***

Obviously we couldn’t do the whole Tafseer in the time allocated so he chose to do Tafseer from verses 18 to 24.

>>>>You can listen to the recitation of the verses by Sh. Ahsan Hanif here.<<<<

Verse 18: O you who believe! Fear Allâh and keep your duty to Him. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allâh. Verily, Allâh is All-Aware of what you do.

  • We plan ahead for everything we do and we are constantly planning for tomorrow. So it is human nature to do that. However one of the mistakes that we do is that we limit our planning to this life.
  • We’re only concerned about the smaller things associated with this life.
  • Abdullah ibn Masu’d said that pay attention whenever Allah SWT says, ‘O who you believe!’ Because it is most likely that what is coming after is a prohibition or words asking you adopt something.
  • We learn 2 things from this verse:

1. ‘Fear Allah’, i.e. piety for Allah SWT (Taqwa)

  • Taqwa is something you attain. It is the act of constructing a barrier between yourself and the Fire of Allah SWT.
  • Imagine basing everything on Taqwa!
  • Only thing that will last on the Day of Judgement is to which this concept of Taqwa has attached to it. SubhanAllah!
  • Shaykh mentioned the following narration:

  • Omar RA once said, ‘If I knew that a certain act of mine would be accepted, I would place all of my hope in it.’ Because he understood the concept of Taqwa vey well and believed that Allah SWT only accepts from Muttaqeen.
  • Any companionship that is not based on Taqwa will be a source of regret on the Day of Judgement.

2. ‘…And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow…’

  • What would our bank balance be on the Day of Judgment?
  • How much profit would we have gained?
  • ‘for the morrow’, refers to Youm al Qiyamah since it is around the corner. If that’s not closer than possibly closer than that is our death. Either way, we need to hurry!


Verse 19And be not like those who forgot Allâh and He caused them to forget their ownselves, (let them to forget to do righteous deeds). Those are the Fâsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allâh).

  • Here Allah SWT mentions the opposite of the people mentioned in the previous verse, i.e. those who do not fear Allah SWT.
  • Some of the ways in which we forget Allah SWT:
    • when we are ignorant of Allah SWT : not knowing His Commands, His Names, His Prohibitions.
    • part of forgetting is forgetting the memorized parts and/or not implementing the Quraan
    • A scary verse of Surah Ta-ha :

“But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur’ân nor acts on its teachings) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection.” He will say:”O my Lord! Why have you raised me up blind, while I had sight (before).” (Allâh) will say: “Like this, Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) came unto you, but you disregarded them (i.e. you left them, did not think deeply in them, and you turned away from them), and so this Day, you will be neglected (in the Hell-fire, away from Allâh’s Mercy).” (20:124-126)

  • Allah SWT has given us a choice to remember or forget Him. In Surah Al Kahf, Allah SWT says:

And say: “The truth is from your Lord.” Then whosoever wills, let him believe, and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve. Verily, We have prepared for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers), a Fire whose walls will be surrounding them (disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh). And if they ask for help (relief, water) they will be granted water like boiling oil, that will scald their faces. Terrible is the drink, and an evil Murtafaq (dwelling, resting place)! (18:29)

 

Verse 20Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of the Paradise. It is the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful.

  • Never ever can these two types of people be equal…those who are blind and those who can see. Those who act upon knowledge and those who do not. Those who wake up for Fajr and those who do not.

Verse 21: Had We sent down this Qur’ân on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rend asunder by the fear of Allâh. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect.

  • The Quraan which can turn mountain to dust and can cause springs to gush forth from stones (ref. Surah Al Baqarah)…what effect does it have on us? Who’s without emotions and humility us or the mountain?
  • All the solutions to the tests are in the Quraan but we do not seek it.

Verses 22-24 (my fav verses): He is Allâh, beside Whom Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. He is Allâh beside Whom is Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allâh! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.  He is Allâh, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names . All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.

  • How can you know Allah SWT if you’re ignorant of Him?
  • Ar-Rahman: It is because of Him that the animal does not trample on its own child.
  • Ar-Raheem: Through His Special Mercy, He’ll enter Muslims into Jannah even though they should’ve been better Muslims. Allahu Akbar!
  • Story of the last man who enters Paradise(read this version, it’s different…at least it was for me):

“Then, after God judges between everyone, a man will remain between the Fire and Paradise.

He will be removed from the Fire but his face will be fixed towards it, so he will cry: ‘Please God, let me face elsewhere! [ALLAHU AKBAR] Its heat has dried me and its wind has burnt me!’

God will say: ‘If you are granted this wish, will you ask for anything else?

He will cry: ‘No! I swear by your Greatness I will not!’

And he will continue to promise and pledge not to ask anything else, until his face will be directed away from the Fire and towards Paradise. He will see its beauty… but [remembering his promise] will remain silent. He will stay silent for a long, long, time, then eventually [unable to bear any longer] will cry: ‘Please Lord, please bring me forward… just to the Gate of Paradise! …’

God will say: ‘Didn’t you promise that you wouldn’t ask for anything else?’

The man will cry: ‘But Lord, please don’t make me the most miserable of your creation!’

God will say: ‘If I grant you your wish then do not ask for anything else?!’

He will cry: ‘I won’t! I promise, I swear by you Greatness I will not!’

And he will continue to promise and pledge not to ask for anything else, until he is brought to the Gate of Paradise. When he reaches it, he will look inside and see its vigor, charm and pleasure… but [remembering his promise] will remain silent. He will stay silent for a long, long time, then eventually [unable to bear any longer] will cry: ‘O Lord… please… please let me enter Paradis!!’

God will say: ‘You’re unbelievable! How treacherous can you get Son of Adam?! Didn’t you make all those promises and pledges not to ask for anything else?’

But the man will cry: ‘But Lord, please don’t make me the most miserable of your creation!’

So God, the exalted, will Laugh, and allow the man to enter Paradise. Then God will tell him, ‘Make a wish!’

And the man will keep on wishing and wishing and asking for so many things until he can’t find anything else to ask for. Then God will help him out and remind him saying, ‘How about this… and how about that?’ And then, when the man is completely satisfied, God will say, ‘All your wishes will be granted and doubled!’ [Sahih Bukhari, #806]

  • If one thinks over all His Attributes and all the blessings we are drenched in then doesn’t it necessitate that we take time out of our schedules to learn about Allah SWT?
  • How can we not learn about Allah SWT when we enjoy His Blessings?

Take Home Messages

  • Fear Allah SWT in public and private so that we’re shielded from Jahanam
  • Think about tomorrow and what actions we’ve done which may or may not help us tomorrow
  • Must not forget Allah SWT by getting to know Him better and learning about the Commands in the Quraan and implementing them
  • Success = Paradise only
  • Effect of Quraan on our hearts?  Does it make us cry? Does it make us humble enough to instantly apply what the Commands talk about?
  • Take time from daily life to learn about His Names and Attributes inshaa’Allah

And Allah SWT knows best. Please let me know if there any mistakes. JazakumAllahu khayran. May Allah SWT forgive me for my mistakes and let them not be a burden on the Day of Judgement.Ameen.

I pray that the info here is of benefit to me and whosoever reads it.Ameen.

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